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2012年成人高考专升本英语真题(上)

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一、Phonetics (5 points)?Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D.Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

  第2题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

  A.coach

  B.float

  C.broad

  D.throat

  参考答案:C

  第2题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

  A.riddle

  B.ripen

  C.privilege

  D.primitive

  参考答案:B

  第3题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

  A.decision

  B.comprehension

  C.extension

  D.pension

  参考答案:A

  第4题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

  A.brother

  B.thrill

  C.these

  D.rather

  参考答案:B

  第5题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

  A.comb

  B.thumb

  C.doubt

  D.tablet

  参考答案:D

  二、Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)?Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

  第6题单选 Whenever he comes to our garden,he can’t help_________the flowers.

  A.admires

  B.admired

  C.admiring

  D.to admire

  参考答案:C

  第7题单选 一Where is Dick?Do you think he’S reached home by now?

  一He__________home for a while.

  A.woul,d be

  B.should be

  C.would have been

  D.should have been

  参考答案:D

  第8题单选 I hesitated for a long time,and in the end I decided to_________the job.

  A.take

  B.apply

  C.find

  D.search

  参考答案:A

  第9题单选 Steve looked at the envelope and recognized Jenny’S handwriting_________ .

  A.recently

  B.immediately

  C.exactly

  D.frequently

  参考答案:B

  第10题单选 This time tomorrow,I_________0n the beach,enjoying the sunshine!

  A.am sitting

  B.sit

  C.would sit

  D.will be sitting

  参考答案:D

  第11题单选 The ukulele is a_________instrument,which resembles a guitar.

  A.Hawaiian musical small

  B.small musical Hawaiian

  C.Hawaiian small musical

  D.small Hawaiian musical

  参考答案:D

  第12题单选 -Do you like my new shoes?They were only£15.-Wow!That’S cheap,what a_________!

  A.gain

  B.profit

  C.bargain

  D.win

  参考答案:C

  第13题单选 _________in thought while drivin9,he almost ran into the car coming in the opposite direction.

  A.Losing

  B.Lost

  C.Lose

  D.To lose

  参考答案:B

  第14题单选 You can’t imagine__________foolishly he beghaved at the party.

  A.how

  B.that

  C.what

  D.so

  参考答案:A

  第15题单选 I don't want to watch the football match.Can you________Channel 9?

  A.change in

  B.change over

  C.change to

  D.change into

  参考答案:C

  第16题单选 Women employees________the san'le salaries as men for doing the same work.

  A.are paying

  B.have been paid

  C.paid

  D.have paid

  参考答案:B

  第17题单选 Never the weather been so bad in October.

  A.is

  B.aye

  C.has

  D.have

  参考答案:C

  第18题单选 Many careers require a coUege degree,some jobs,________,only reqmre prevlous experience.

  A.however

  B.therefore

  C.moreover

  D.furthemore

  参考答案:A

  第19题单选 The clock.has 8topped I________get it go again and set the alarm,or I will be late again tomorrow.

  A.couId

  B.might

  C.would

  D.must

  参考答案:D

  第20题单选 Don’t ask him how old be is—be’s really________about it.

  A.sen8itive

  B.careless

  C.cautious

  D.anxious

  参考答案:A

三、Cloze (20 points)Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

  Phvsical activity through sports can enhance your child’s physical health.Sports can alsohaye a positive effect on his mental health.Sports participation helps children ____21____lifeskills such as learning to___22___with loss and disappointment.These mental health benefitscan be___23___ helpful during the chanlenging years of adolescence.

  As vour child grows and his body changes,confidence and self-esteem___24___from apositive body image.___25___sports participation helps your child.___26___ a healthy weight andsee his bodv as a___27___ to succeed on the playing field.A good body image improves mentalhealth so that your child is less ___28___ to experience feelings of low self-worth.

  Children who participate29sports must learn to work with their teammates to___ 30___a goal.Through sports a child is___31___to build confidence in his abilities.Winning does nothave.to be the only confidence builder.A___32___ pass or assist during a game also lmproVe8confidence.

  Exercise and sports participotion have been___33___to have antidepressant(抗抑郁的)effects.Children who play sports generally report having a positive___34___ 0n life.Inprovedself-esteem can___35___ a child not only in sports events,but also in academic pertormance.

  第21题单选 填入(21)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.stimulate

  B.develop

  C.motivate

  D.create

  参考答案:B

  第22题单选 填入(22)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.deal

  B.make

  C.disagree

  D.struggle

  参考答案:A

  第23题单选 填入(23)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.actuallv

  B.specifically

  C.especially

  D.merely

  参考答案:C

  第24题单选 填入(24)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.arise

  B.raise

  C.lift

  D.move

  参考答案:A

  第25题单选 填入(25)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.Typical

  B.Popular

  C.Common

  D.Regular

  参考答案:D

  第26题单选 填入(26)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.retmn

  B.reserve

  C.maintain

  D.prevent

  参考答案:C

  第27题单选 填入(27)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.form

  B.tool

  C.symbol

  D.technique

  参考答案:B

  第28题单选 填入(28)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.likely

  B.hardly

  C.gradually

  D.really

  参考答案:A

  第29题单选 填入(29)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.on

  B.in

  C.with

  D.over

  参考答案:B

  第30题单选 填入(30)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.settle

  B.arrive

  C.obtain

  D.arhieve

  参考答案:D

  第31题单选 填入(31)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.able

  B.capable

  C.qualifed

  D.skilled

  参考答案:A

  第32题单选 填入(32)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.frequent

  B.free

  C.successful

  D.gradual

  参考答案:C

  第33题单选 填入(33)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.implied

  B.applied

  C.referred

  D.shown

  参考答案:D

  第34题单选 填入(34)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.meaning

  B.outlook

  C.expectative

  D.approach

  参考答案:B

  第35题单选 填入(35)处的最佳答案是()。

  A.improve

  B.demand

  C.benefit

  D.promote

  参考答案:C

 四、Reading Comprehension (75 points)Directions: There are four reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

  For generations,the Nganyi people of western Kenya have served as rainmarkers,helpinglocal communities decide when best to prepare their land and SOW their seeds.By observingsubtle changes in nature that would be unnoticeable to most people--in air currents,theflowering and shedding of leaves of certain trees,the behaviour of ants,bird songs,etc-theyhave been able to interpret weather paterns and provide valuable advise.

  But the irregular weather patterns brought by climate change mean the rainmakel's can nolonger use those signs to make their predictions.And they don't have accDs8 to the technologiesavailable to meteorologists(气象学家).

  “ Climate change‘has come on so fast.People don’t know how to adapt or what.to plant,”says Obedi Osore.a traditmnal Nganyi weatherman.“0ur traditional crops are disappearingbecause thev cannot handle the new conditions.We need new strategies to handle climatechange.”

  Now a.British Canadian project is doing just that,linking the rainmakers with governmentmeteorologists.The two groups get together each season and produce all agreed forcast to bespread using a variety of methods suited to communities where many cannot read on wnte—through ceremonies,public meetings and person to person communication.

  Both Darties arepleased with the collaboration.“I think the-two,sciences are equallyvalid.We are marrying our energies to help people better.”says Mr.Onunga,a Nyanyicommunity elder involed in the project.

  “results have been surprisingly good-the community agreed that the forcast was

  accurate.”savs Gilbert Ouma,a lecturer at the University of Nairobi.

  “Through this project we hope to learn what it is that we can share together to live today and to adopt to tomorrow.”says Professor Laban Ogallo,leader of the Nganyi projeet.

  第36题单选 Which of the following has been used by traditional Nganyi rainmarkers in weather prediction?

  A.Plant seeds

  B.Dog barks

  C.Bird songs

  D.Ocean currents

  参考答案:C

  第37题单选 What difficulty do local rainmakers face in making weather predictions?

  A.They cannot find an effective way to deliver messages.

  B.They lack moderwtechnologies to cope with climate change.

  C.They cannot get financial support from the local government.

  D.They lack the facilies to stop traditional crops from disappearing.

  参考答案:B

  第38题单选 How do people involved in the British Candian project feel about their cooperation?

  A.Satisfied.

  B.Confused.

  C.Hopeful.

  D.Regretful.

  参考答案:A

  第39题单选 Which statement best expresses the.main idea of the passage?

  A.A British Canadian project has been carried out to solve farming problems.

  B.The Nganyi people have made weather forecasts by observing changes.in nature.

  C.New technologies have replaced traditional methods in weather prediction in Kenya.

  D.Scientists and Kenyian rainmakers work sogether in a joint weather predictionproject.

  参考答案:D

  After taking a six—week,fully paid maternity leave(产假)earlier this year,FrancineGemperle was anxious to resume her job but reluctant to be away from her baby daughter,Veronica.Fortunately,she didn’t have to choose between them.Maya Design,a Pittsburghbased creative consulting firm,allows parents to bring newborns:into the office.

  “If I'd had to leave my children after my maternity leave ended.I would never have goneback to work,”says Gemperle a designer and researcher,who also brought her son Mile.intothe office after he was born.

  She’s not the only parent taking advantage of the ben6fit.Senior analyst Jon West bringshis 10.month—old soil.Owen,the office several times a month.In fact,when West consideredusing only part of his paternity leave,his co—workers urged him to take all six weeks.

  “I had pressure to take that leave,”recalls West,“People told me.‘It's an important part of your life and you need to expenience it.’”

  “No matter how quiet the baby is,it’s an obvious distraction(分心的事).”says Tory Johnson the chief executive of Women for hire.a New York City—based recruiting firm, No one has complained yet.Even if somebody did,it would’t matter to Mickey McManus,Mayas’s CEO and president who argues that the policy builds loyalty and helps parents shiftback into work mode.

  As part of its balancing act,Maya shares up to 20%of quarterly profits with itsemployees.However,the size of those checks might be up in the air at the moment.The firmonce laid off five workers and it is now 4-day weeks to avoid more layoffs.

  “Be transparrent,”MCmanus advises,“so workers know they can trust you.”


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